New fast AIDS test could facilitate virus control

AIDS is a serious health issue and according to the UNAIDS-report (Dec. 2007) approximately 33 Mio people are infected worldwide with the Human Immunodefficiency Virus (HIV; Causing agent of AIDS). Since the virus predominantly occurs in third world and threshold countries the current test was often to expensive and time consuming. A canadian group araound Nitika Pant Pai now established a fast test, which functions comparable to a standard pregnancy test. The first comparison with the current testing methods showed a 100% consistency and results were published in the PLoS-Journal [PubMed].

588732155 c05dda114e m New fast AIDS test could facilitate virus control

This study was performed in the newborn nursery of the Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences in India, where it´s the last chance for pregnant mothers to check their status of HIV-infection. In case of a possitive result, measures can be taken to reduce the risk of infection for the new born during birth. A further enormous advantage of this new test is the usage of oral fluids instead of blood. This fluid contains a comparable amount of antibodies, used for the detection of HIV-infection, as does blood plasma, which is usually used. This reduces the risk for the health care personal to be infected by accidental needle stitch injuries, which occur with some frequency. Additionally, the development time needed to show the results are reduced to 20-40 min, what allows an immediate information of patients and initiation of treatment. With this new method, an area-wide testing would be financially applicable and control of virus spread could be facilitated.

ResearchBlogging Medium White New fast AIDS test could facilitate virus control
Pant Pai, N., Joshi, R., Dogra, S., Taksande, B., Kalantri, S., Pai, M., Narang, P., Tulsky, J.P., Reingold, A.L., Carr, J. (2007). Evaluation of Diagnostic Accuracy, Feasibility and Client Preference for Rapid Oral Fluid-Based Diagnosis of HIV Infection in Rural India. PLoS ONE, 2(4), e367. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0000367

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